Oort is a a Python-based toolkit for accessing RDF graphs as plain objects.

It uses RDFLib for the heavy lifting.


An implementation of the Gluon JSON format for RDF.
Automatic treeification of SPARQL query results.
Contains classes and functions used for defining RDF queries and selectors, i.e. declarations used to pick properties and associated sub-queries from a chosen resource (similar to how many ORM-toolkits work).
Some basic base RdfQuery subtypes for common use (e.g. getting at localized annotation properties such as rdfs:label and similar).
A collection of basic "filesystem-to-graph" utilities.



See the Oort website for specification and examples.


An implementation of the SparqlTree mechanism for writing and digesting SPARQL queries into JSON.

A "SPARQL tree" is a processed SPARQL query result which combines bound variables into trees of data. It uses regular SPARQL queries with variables named according to a special convention.


By subclassing oort.rdfview.RdfQuery and adding attributes which are instances of one of the Selector subclasses from that package, you define a set of rdf properties which are to be retrieved about a given subject (from a given graph, in a given language). The selectors are given a URIRef which determines the property. Or a Namespace, in which case the name of the attribute will be used.

These are some of the predefined classes from oort.util.queries:

class Typed(RdfQuery):
    rdfType = one(RDF.type)

class Labelled(RdfQuery):
    label = localized(RDFS)

class Annotated(Labelled):
    comment = localized(RDFS)

class Resource(Annotated, Typed):

Selectors can also be given RdfQuery types (or names of types, to enable e.g. cyclic references) which are used to describe their selected resources recursively. Use like this:

SIOC = Namespace("http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#")

class Item(Annotated):
    _rdfbase_ = SIOC # sets default namespace base for this RdfQuery
    name = localized()
    description = localized()
    seeAlso = each(RDFS) >> Annotated

The overloaded >> is just sugar for:

seeAlso = each(RDFS).viewed_as(Annotated)

Predefined selectors in oort.rdfview are: one, each, one_where_self_is, each_where_self_is, collection, localized, i18n_dict, each_localized and localized_xml.

RdfQueries are either directly instantiated with an RDFLib Graph instance, language (string) and URIRef instance, or used via QueryContext, which facilitates this and other things.


Se more examples (and test source code) at the Oort website.

The latest development version can be installed from the Oort repo.